Share

Defend Our Democracy

When the White House released the July 25 phone record, the American public saw firsthand that when Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky sought more weapons critical to his country’s defense, President Trump responded: “I would like you to do us a favor though,” laying bare his grave abuse of the power of the presidency.

The House of Representatives launched an impeachment inquiry to ascertain the full extent of the president’s misconduct, and thanks to testimony from dedicated, nonpartisan public servants, we now have a much fuller picture of how President Trump abused the State Department and other levers of government for his own political gain.

Pursuant to House Resolution 660, we are now releasing transcripts of these witness interviews so every American can see the facts and decide for themselves: is this conduct acceptable?
 


Jump to: Ambassador Marie Yovanovitch | Ambassador Michael McKinley | Ambassadors Kurt Volker & Gordon Sondland | Ambassador Bill Taylor| George Kent | Lt. Col. Alexander Vindman & Dr. Fiona Hill | Laura Cooper, Catherine Croft & Christopher Anderson | Timothy Morrison & Jennifer Williams | David Holmes and David Hale | Mark Sandy & Ambassador Philip Reeker



Marie Yovanovitch
is the former U.S. Ambassador to Ukraine.
Her testimony demonstrates how President Trump removed a respected diplomat in advance of a months-long pressure campaign to interfere in the 2020 election for his own political gain.

 READ HER FULL TESTIMONY | READ KEY EXCERPTS



• President Trump approved the removal of a highly-respected and effective diplomat based on a smear campaign orchestrated by the President's allies.

• The smear campaign against Ambassador Yovanovitch was based on public falsehoods. The president's allies sought to tarnish her reputation, character, and her work to clear the deck to advance Trump's scheme.

• Ambassador Yovanovitch said she felt threatened by Trump's words and attempts to remove her, and expressed concern for her safety and career.

 

→ Chairman Adam Schiff on Facebook

→ NBC: Ousted Ukraine Ambassador Yovanovitch said she was told to tweet praise of Trump to save her job

→ POLITICO: Ex-Ukraine Ambassador felt threatened by Trump



Ambassador Michael McKinley is the former Senior Advisor to the Secretary of State.
His testimony demonstrates the contamination of U.S. foreign policy to serve the President's political interests rather than our national security interests.

READ HIS FULL TESTIMONY | READ KEY EXCERPTS




• With each new interview, we uncover more evidence about the President's attempts to manipulate the levers of power to his personal, political benefit.

• Ambassador McKinley's testimony confirms Trump and his allies launched a months-long pressure campaign starting back in November of 2018 to get Ukraine to launch bogus investigations into a political rival.

• It appears that Ambassador Yovanovitch was pushed out to make room for Trump's henchmen to come in and advance his scheme. McKinley testified: "What is clear is that both Volker and Sondland were engaging the Ukranian Government in conjunction with Rudy Giuliani on domestic political issues."




Ambassador Gordon Sondland is the U.S. Ambassador to the European Union. Ambassador Kurt Volker is the former U.S. special envoy to Ukraine. Their testimony confirms the ‘insidiousness’ of President Trump’s months-long pressure campaign, jeopardizing national security.

READ SONDLAND'S FULL TESTIMONY | READ KEY EXCERPTS
READ VOLKER'S FULL TESTIMONY | READ KEY EXCERPTS





• Ambassadors Volker and Sondland testimony shows the progression of efforts by the President and his agent, Rudy Giuliani, to use the State Department to press Ukraine to announce bogus investigations that would benefit President Trump politically.

• President Trump directed the Ambassadors to work with Giuliani on Ukraine policy, and over the course of the summer, an effort was made to extract a public statement from the new Ukrainian president that the Ukrainian government was investigating Burisma or the Biden family and a debunked conspiracy theory about the 2016 U.S. elections.

• It is clear from their testimony that, in exchange for the statement, President Trump would award the Ukrainian president with a highly coveted White House meeting and, later, with millions of dollars in critical military aid being withheld.  

• Ambassador Sondland testified that the President’s scheme “kept getting more insidious as [the] timeline went on, and back in July, it was all about just corruption.”


→ New York Times: Sondland Updates Impeachment Testimony, Describing Ukraine Quid Pro Quo

→ Politico: 'It kept getting more insidious': What Sondland and Volker told Trump impeachment investigators

→ Axios: Gordon Sondland testifies that Ukraine aid was conditioned on Biden investigation



Ambassador Bill Taylor served as the chargé d'affaires for Ukraine. His testimony confirms the insidiousness of Trump’s months-long pressure campaign at the expense of U.S. security and foreign policy interests.

READ HIS FULL TESTIMONY | READ KEY EXCERPTS



• The testimony of Ambassador Taylor—a West Point graduate, Vietnam veteran, and nonpartisan diplomat—shows how President Trump withheld military aid to Ukraine and conditioned its release, as well as a vital White House meeting, on the President of Ukraine publicly announcing investigations into debunked conspiracy theories involving the Biden family and the 2016 election.

• In the early stages, the promise of a coveted Oval Office meeting was dangled in exchange for announcing bogus investigations into the Bidens and 2016 election interference. As the Ukrainians resisted, the stakes were raised: nearly $400 million in desperately needed military aid was blocked.

• Taylor’s testimony lays bare how the shadow foreign policy channel pursued by the President’s agent, Rudy Giuliani, with the assistance of Ambassadors Sondland and Volker, placed immense pressure on the Ukrainian government to advance Trump’s scheme.

 


George Kent is the Deputy Assistant Secretary for European and Eurasian Affairs. His testimony buttresses previously released testimony from Taylor, Yovanovitch, McKinley, and others.

READ HIS FULL TESTIMONY | READ KEY EXCERPTS




• Kent testified that, after a May 23, 2019 Oval Office meeting with President Trump, Secretary Perry, Sondland, and Volker “assert[ed] that, going forward, they would be the drivers of the relationship with Ukraine.” He added that the direction of U.S. policy towards Ukraine had shifted into “unusual channels” and that it was “somewhat unusual” to have the Secretary of Energy and the Ambassador to the EU engaged deeply in the policy of a country that is not an EU member state.

• 
Kent wrote a memorandum outlining “his concerns that there was an effort to initiate politically motivated prosecutions that were injurious to the rule of law, both in Ukraine and the U.S.” Kent stated that the suggested Ukrainian investigations “were the ones that Rudy Giuliani had been tweeting about, meaning Biden, Burisma, and 2016.”

• Kent testified that “[Ambassador] Gordon [Sondland], had talked to the President, POTUS in sort of shorthand, and POTUS wanted nothing less than President Zelensky to go to microphone and say investigations, Biden, and Clinton.”




Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Vindman, an active duty military officer who was awarded the Purple Heart after being injured by a roadside bomb in Iraq, currently serves as the Director for European Affairs at the National Security Council. Dr. Fiona Hill is the former National Security Council senior director for Europe and Russia.

Their testimony confirms the 'insidiousness' of President Trump's months-long pressure campaign, at the expense of U.S. national security and foreign policy interests.

READ LT. COL. VINDMAN'S FULL TESTIMONY | READ KEY EXCERPTS
READ DR. HILL'S FULL TESTIMONY | READ KEY EXCERPTS 



• The President launched a months-long pressure campaign at the expense of U.S. national security and foreign policy interests.

• Lieutenant Colonel Vindman testified: the power disparity between the President of the United States and the President of Ukraine is vast, and, you know, in the President asking for something…in return for a White House meeting, because that’s what this was about. This was about getting a White House meeting. It was a demand for him to fulfill his—fulfill this particular prerequisite in order to get the meeting.”

•  
President Trump used the promise of a White House meeting and millions of dollars in critical military aid to pressure Ukraine.

 Vindman testified that the request for investigations, or a “deliverable,” was coordinated with White House Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney: “He [Sondland] just said that he had a conversation with Mr. Mulvaney, and this is what was required in order to get a meeting.” Both Vindman and Hill objected to Sondland’s approach because it was “inappropriate” and “had nothing to do with national security.”




Laura Cooper is the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Russian, Ukrainian, and Eurasian Affairs. Catherine Croft and Christopher Anderson are both advisors to Ambassador Kurt Volker on Ukraine policy.

Their testimony reveals how 
President Trump’s month-long pressure campaign compromised U.S. national security and was intended to give Trump the advantage in the 2020 election.

READ COOPER'S FULL TESTIMONY | READ KEY EXCERPTS
READ CROFT'S FULL TESTIMONY | READ KEY EXCERPTS
READ ANDERSON'S FULL TESTIMONY | READ KEY EXCERPTS


• Laura Cooper testified that the hold on military aid “would weaken a strategic partner” [Ukraine] and “makes it much more difficult for them to negotiate a peace on terms that are good for Ukraine.” She added that providing the aid was in the U.S. national interest and “It’s in our interest to deter Russian aggression elsewhere around the world.”

• Cooper and Croft testified that President Trump, through OMB, directed the freeze on $400 million in critical military aid for Ukraine, against the judgment of career officials in DOD, State and other relevant agencies.

• According to Croft, an OMB officer “reported that the White House chief of staff, Mick Mulvaney, had placed an informal hold on security assistance to Ukraine. The only reason given was that it came at the direction of the President.” She said she “had never heard of OMB injecting itself into a purely policy discussion or decision-making process.”

• Croft testified that the Ukrainians knew early on about the hold on the aid and testified that two Ukrainian officials approached her quietly in the July or August timeframe, before the hold had been made public.

• Cooper also testified that, during a meeting on August 20, 2019, with Ambassador Kurt Volker, he strongly implied that the hold on assistance might be resolved if Ukraine was willing to issue a statement related to election interference.

USA Today: Trump impeachment: Defense and State officials raised concerns about Ukraine policies



Timothy Morrison is the Deputy Assistant to the President and the Senior Director for Europe and Russia, National Security Council. Jennifer Williams is Vice President Pence’s special adviser on Europe and Russia. Their testimony demonstrates that President Trump’s July 25 phone call with Ukrainian President Zelensky immediately set off alarm bells throughout the White House.

READ MORRISON'S FULL TESTIMONY | READ KEY EXCERPTS
READ WILLIAMS' FULL TESTIMONY | READ KEY EXCERPTS


• Morrison and Williams' testimony shows that President Trump’s July 25 phone call with Ukrainian President Zelensky immediately set off alarm bells throughout the White House.  Both witnesses provided the Committees with first-hand accounts after personally listening to the call in the White House Situation Room.

• Mr. Morrison confirmed Ambassador Taylor’s testimony to the Committees that the Ukrainians were told that U.S. military assistance, not just the White House meeting, was conditioned on their public announcement of political investigations that the President wanted.

• Additionally, following the September 1 meeting between President Zelensky and Vice President Pence, Mr. Morrison confirmed that Ambassador Sondland informed one of President Zelensky’s top aides that American military aid was conditioned on the investigations.

• Ms. Williams testified that the President’s requests were ‘unusual and inappropriate’ and shed light on ‘possible other motivations behind a security assistance hold.’  She also confirmed, like Lt. Col. Vindman, that the Ukrainian President specifically mentioned ‘Burisma’ during the call, even though the White House call record does not reflect that.

• Importantly, Ms. Williams also testified that in mid-May, President Trump instructed Vice President Pence to cancel plans to attend President Zelensky’s inauguration before the date for the inauguration had been set.

Axios: House releases Morrison, Williams transcripts in impeachment inquiry

USA Today: NSC official feared Trump-Zelensky call would be leaked. Key takeaways from Williams, Morrison testimony
 
 






• Mr. Holmes, a nonpartisan career Foreign Service officer, testified that he was present when Ambassador Gordon Sondland spoke directly with President Trump on July 26—the day after President Trump’s call with Ukrainian President Zelensky.

• Mr. Holmes overheard President Trump asking Ambassador Sondland whether President Zelensky committed to ‘do the investigation’ into the Bidens and the 2016 election, which Trump pressed Zelensky for in his call the previous day. Sondland responded to President Trump stating, ‘Oh yeah, he’s going to do it’ and added that President Zelensky will ‘do anything you ask him to.’

• Following the conversation between President Trump and Ambassador Sondland, Mr. Holmes asked Sondland whether it was true that President Trump ‘did not give a [expletive] about Ukraine,’ to which Sondland agreed that Trump did not, and that he only cared about the ‘big stuff’ like ‘this Biden investigation that Giuliani is pushing.’


USA Today: Key takeaways from Holmes and Hale's impeachment inquiry testimonies
 
 



Mark Sandy is the Deputy Associate Director for National Security Programs at the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). Ambassador Philip Reeker is the Acting Assistant Secretary of State in the Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs.

Their testimony continues to paint a portrait of hand-picked political appointees corrupting the official levers of U.S. government power, including by withholding taxpayer funded military assistance to Ukraine, to further the President’s own personal political agenda.

READ SANDY'S FULL TESTIMONY | READ KEY EXCERPTS
READ REEKER'S FULL TESTIMONY | READ KEY EXCERPTS