Defend Our Democracy

When the White House released the July 25 phone record, the American public saw firsthand that when Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky sought more weapons critical to his country’s defense, President Trump responded: “I would like you to do us a favor though,” laying bare his grave abuse of the power of the presidency.

The House of Representatives launched an impeachment inquiry to ascertain the full extent of the president’s misconduct, and thanks to testimony from dedicated, nonpartisan public servants, we now have a much fuller picture of how President Trump abused the State Department and other levers of government for his own political gain.

Pursuant to House Resolution 660, we are now releasing transcripts of these witness interviews so every American can see the facts and decide for themselves: is this conduct acceptable?

Jump to: Ambassador Marie Yovanovitch | Ambassador Michael McKinley | Ambassadors Kurt Volker & Gordon Sondland | Ambassador Bill Taylor| George Kent |

Marie Yovanovitch
is the former U.S. Ambassador to Ukraine.
Her testimony demonstrates how President Trump removed a respected diplomat in advance of a months-long pressure campaign to interfere in the 2020 election for his own political gain.


• President Trump approved the removal of a highly-respected and effective diplomat based on a smear campaign orchestrated by the President's allies.

• The smear campaign against Ambassador Yovanovitch was based on public falsehoods. The president's allies sought to tarnish her reputation, character, and her work to clear the deck to advance Trump's scheme.

• Ambassador Yovanovitch said she felt threatened by Trump's words and attempts to remove her, and expressed concern for her safety and career.


→ Chairman Adam Schiff on Facebook

→ NBC: Ousted Ukraine Ambassador Yovanovitch said she was told to tweet praise of Trump to save her job

→ POLITICO: Ex-Ukraine Ambassador felt threatened by Trump

Ambassador Michael McKinley is the former Senior Advisor to the Secretary of State.
His testimony demonstrates the contamination of U.S. foreign policy to serve the President's political interests rather than our national security interests.


• With each new interview, we uncover more evidence about the President's attempts to manipulate the levers of power to his personal, political benefit.

• Ambassador McKinley's testimony confirms Trump and his allies launched a months-long pressure campaign starting back in November of 2018 to get Ukraine to launch bogus investigations into a political rival.

• It appears that Ambassador Yovanovitch was pushed out to make room for Trump's henchmen to come in and advance his scheme. McKinley testified: "What is clear is that both Volker and Sondland were engaging the Ukranian Government in conjunction with Rudy Giuliani on domestic political issues."

Ambassador Gordon Sondland is the U.S. Ambassador to the European Union. Ambassador Kurt Volker is the former U.S. special envoy to Ukraine. Their testimony confirms the ‘insidiousness’ of President Trump’s months-long pressure campaign, jeopardizing national security.


• Ambassadors Volker and Sondland testimony shows the progression of efforts by the President and his agent, Rudy Giuliani, to use the State Department to press Ukraine to announce bogus investigations that would benefit President Trump politically.

• President Trump directed the Ambassadors to work with Giuliani on Ukraine policy, and over the course of the summer, an effort was made to extract a public statement from the new Ukrainian president that the Ukrainian government was investigating Burisma or the Biden family and a debunked conspiracy theory about the 2016 U.S. elections.

• It is clear from their testimony that, in exchange for the statement, President Trump would award the Ukrainian president with a highly coveted White House meeting and, later, with millions of dollars in critical military aid being withheld.  

• Ambassador Sondland testified that the President’s scheme “kept getting more insidious as [the] timeline went on, and back in July, it was all about just corruption.”

→ New York Times: Sondland Updates Impeachment Testimony, Describing Ukraine Quid Pro Quo

→ Politico: 'It kept getting more insidious': What Sondland and Volker told Trump impeachment investigators

→ Axios: Gordon Sondland testifies that Ukraine aid was conditioned on Biden investigation

Ambassador Bill Taylor served as the chargé d'affaires for Ukraine. His testimony confirms the insidiousness of Trump’s months-long pressure campaign at the expense of U.S. security and foreign policy interests.


• The testimony of Ambassador Taylor—a West Point graduate, Vietnam veteran, and nonpartisan diplomat—shows how President Trump withheld military aid to Ukraine and conditioned its release, as well as a vital White House meeting, on the President of Ukraine publicly announcing investigations into debunked conspiracy theories involving the Biden family and the 2016 election.

• In the early stages, the promise of a coveted Oval Office meeting was dangled in exchange for announcing bogus investigations into the Bidens and 2016 election interference. As the Ukrainians resisted, the stakes were raised: nearly $400 million in desperately needed military aid was blocked.

• Taylor’s testimony lays bare how the shadow foreign policy channel pursued by the President’s agent, Rudy Giuliani, with the assistance of Ambassadors Sondland and Volker, placed immense pressure on the Ukrainian government to advance Trump’s scheme.


George Kent is the Deputy Assistant Secretary for European and Eurasian Affairs. His testimony buttresses previously released testimony from Taylor, Yovanovitch, McKinley, and others.


• Kent testified that, after a May 23, 2019 Oval Office meeting with President Trump, Secretary Perry, Sondland, and Volker “assert[ed] that, going forward, they would be the drivers of the relationship with Ukraine.” He added that the direction of U.S. policy towards Ukraine had shifted into “unusual channels” and that it was “somewhat unusual” to have the Secretary of Energy and the Ambassador to the EU engaged deeply in the policy of a country that is not an EU member state.

Kent wrote a memorandum outlining “his concerns that there was an effort to initiate politically motivated prosecutions that were injurious to the rule of law, both in Ukraine and the U.S.” Kent stated that the suggested Ukrainian investigations “were the ones that Rudy Giuliani had been tweeting about, meaning Biden, Burisma, and 2016.”

• Kent testified that “[Ambassador] Gordon [Sondland], had talked to the President, POTUS in sort of shorthand, and POTUS wanted nothing less than President Zelensky to go to microphone and say investigations, Biden, and Clinton.”